Today, there are lot of designers who are now working with different kinds of mediums both in digital and print. However, in order to achieve success on each of the project, you can use different sets of specification.

If you are a printing designer, it is important that you know and understand how printing works and how are you going to communicate with other printer out there. This is because there are certain clients who would like for the print components so you can go with a specific website. This may come in the form of the different type of printing service request for example: business cards, posters or any hand-out which will greatly help you in your presentation. In connection with this if you do know the basic terminology; it is much easier for you to bridge the gap. The following key terms are the things you must know:

1. DPI

Dots Per Inch (DPI) is being used as the measurement of the quality of printing. Images were being created though the help of the tiny dots per square inch. Remember that the more dots, the more accurate the detail is.
It is known that the standard DPI in most of the printing jobs is 300 and 600, but it all still depends on the printer being used and type of the paper.


It simply pertains on the four-colour process in printing. CMYK is the abbreviation for Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black wherein these colours are being utilized on the process.

3. Large Format

When we are talking about any printed material which uses a specialty printer, then most probably it is all about large format printing. Oftentimes, it is much larger than the average 16 by 20 inches.

4. Pantone Colour

It is known as the standard colour across the globe. Basically, Pantone Matching system sets the standard colour which can be mixed with accurate combinations printing consistently on the various printing presses as well as substrates.

5. RIP

RIP short for Raster Image Processor is being used in the printing industry for the production of the raster images which will perfectly fit for you printing. It is a firmware of software which turns any files into the bitmap form for printing.

6. Ink Types

When it comes in printing, most of the time the industry is using solid, dye and pigments inks. Solid ink can be compared to bricks of colours which is great for the vibrant colour printing. Meanwhile, pigment ink which comes from fine powder is situated on the top of paper. It last longer for a long period of time and maintains it good colour properties. Lastly, dye inks are liquid-based inks which are being soaked into the paper fibers in order to create amazing colours.

7. Bleed

It particularly helps the printer prepare the file accurately for the printing process. This will ensure that they are printing the right area, cutting the appropriate size of the paper and reproducing accurate colours.

8. Overprint

As its name suggest its nature, it I a process wherein a thing over another thing. This is commonly happening on the printing industry especially when the inks are being printed on the top of one another.

9. Mono vs. Duotone Color

Though these two have similar looks but when it comes on the composition they are really different. Monotone is the by-product of a gray scale image printed with single-color inks except for black while duotones used several inks. Usually duotones creates plenty of gray scale images and would works best for spot colour processes.

10. Paper Types

Paper types greatly affect the appearance of the project. You must know that there are certain categories as well as styles you can choose on the actual type of the paper.

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